Pakistan’s New Fixed Charges on Electricity Bills: What You Need to Know

In a significant move set to reshape the landscape of Pakistan’s electricity billing, the National Electric Power Regulatory Authority (NEPRA) is introducing a new tariff structure, effective from July 1, 2024. This new structure incorporates fixed monthly charges for residential consumers, aimed at creating more predictable billing and revenue stability for electricity companies. Here’s a comprehensive guide on what to expect and how it will impact you.

Understanding Fixed Charges

Fixed charges refer to a set amount added to your electricity bill each month, irrespective of your electricity consumption. Unlike variable charges, which fluctuate based on your usage, fixed charges remain constant. NEPRA’s new tariff design introduces a tiered structure for these charges based on your monthly consumption.

Breakdown of New Fixed Charges

From July 1, 2024, residential consumers will see the following fixed charges applied to their bills:

  • 301-400 units/month: Rs200/month
  • 401-500 units/month: Rs400/month
  • 501-600 units/month: Rs600/month
  • 601-700 units/month: Rs800/month
  • Above 700 units/month: Rs1,000/month
  • Time of Use (ToU) meter users: Rs1,000/month

Impact on Commercial Consumers

Commercial power consumers will also experience revised fixed charges:

  • Load less than 5kW: Rs1,000/month
  • Load of 5kW and above: Rs2,000/month (a 300% increase from the previous Rs500/month)

Current Electricity Cost Structure

As it stands, the electricity cost is divided into 72% fixed charges and 28% variable charges. This means that a significant portion of your bill is already predetermined, with a smaller part fluctuating based on your consumption.

Recent Electricity Tariff Hike

In addition to the new fixed charges, there has been a recent hike in the electricity tariff. Following the Budget 2024-25 announcement, the government increased the electricity tariff by Rs5.72 per unit. This raises the average electricity tariff from Rs29.78 per unit to Rs35.50 per unit, adding to the financial burden on consumers.

Why the Change?

NEPRA’s introduction of fixed charges aims to stabilize the electricity sector and ensure a steady revenue stream for electricity companies. This change addresses financial challenges caused by fluctuating consumption patterns and unpaid bills. For consumers, this means a more predictable billing system but also an additional fixed monthly cost.

Tips for Reducing Your Electricity Bill

In light of the new fixed charges and increased tariffs, here are some practical strategies to help you reduce your electricity bill:

1. Upgrade to Energy-Efficient Appliances

Invest in appliances with better energy efficiency ratings. Look for Energy Star-certified products that consume less electricity and can significantly lower your energy usage.

2. Unplug Devices

Many devices continue to consume power even when they are turned off. Unplugging devices when not in use can prevent this “phantom” energy consumption.

3. Optimize Lighting

Switch to LED bulbs, which use less energy and last longer than traditional incandescent bulbs. Make use of natural light during the day and ensure lights are turned off when not needed.

4. Use Smart Power Strips

Smart power strips can automatically cut off power to devices that are in standby mode, further reducing unnecessary energy consumption.

5. Scheduled Upkeep

Ensure your HVAC (heating, ventilation, and air conditioning) systems are maintained properly. Regularly clean or replace filters to keep these systems running efficiently.

6. Insulate Your Home

Proper insulation helps maintain the desired temperature in your home, reducing the need for excessive heating or cooling.

7. Monitor and Adjust Your Usage

Utilize smart meters and energy monitoring tools to track your energy usage. Adjust your behavior based on this information to stay within a lower consumption bracket.

8. Time Your Usage

For those using Time of Use (ToU) meters, schedule high-energy activities (like laundry or dishwashing) during off-peak hours to take advantage of lower rates.


The new fixed charges on electricity bills in Pakistan are set to create a more stable and predictable billing environment. While this offers benefits for the energy sector, it also means an additional monthly expense for consumers. Staying informed and proactive about your energy usage can help mitigate the impact of these changes.

Prepare for these changes and plan your energy consumption wisely to manage your expenses effectively in the new billing landscape. By adopting energy-efficient practices and monitoring your usage, you can reduce your overall electricity costs and better navigate the new tariff structure.

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